The '''Federal Emergency Management Agency''' ('''FEMA''') is an agency of the United States Department of Homeland Security
, initially created by Presidential Reorganization Plan No. 3 of 1978 and implemented by two Executive Order
s on April 1, 1979.
[ See Federation of American Scientists reference above for effective date of April 1, 1979, stated in Executive Order 12127.
The agency's primary purpose is to coordinate the response to a disaster that has occurred in the United States and that overwhelms the resources of local and U.S. state|state
authorities. The governor of the state in which the disaster occurs must declare a state of emergency
and formally request from the president that FEMA and the Federal government of the United States|federal government
respond to the disaster. FEMA also provides these services for territories of the United States, such as Puerto...